Соціально-психологічні чинники суб'єктивного благополуччя пенсіонерів

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dc.contributor.author Horbal, Iryna
dc.contributor.author Горбаль, Ірина
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-22T14:36:04Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-22T14:36:04Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Горбаль І. С. Соціально-психологічні чинники суб'єктивного благополуччя пенсіонерів : дис. ... канд. психол. наук : 19.00.05 / І. С. Горбаль ; НАПН України ; Ін-т соц. та політ. психології. - К., 2016. - 271 с. uk
dc.identifier.uri http://er.ucu.edu.ua/handle/1/1093
dc.description Рукопис дисертації на здобуття наукового ступеня кандидата психологічних наук uk
dc.description.abstract У дисертації представлено результати дослідження соціально-психологічних чинників суб’єктивного благополуччя осіб, що вийшли на пенсію за віком. Розкрито важливість цього переживання у пізній дорослості для досягнення Его-ідентичності. Встановлено роль взаємодії з рідними, соціального статусу та якості стосунків у батьківській сім’ї у суб’єктивному благополуччі пенсіонерів. Описано системи чинників суб’єктивного благополуччя мешканців геріатричного пансіонату, пенсіонерів, орієнтованих на побутово-сімейну сферу, та соціально активних пенсіонерів. Обгрунтовано зміст соціально-психологічної роботи із пенсіонерами з метою підтримки їхнього суб’єктивного благополуччя. uk
dc.language.iso uk uk
dc.subject суб'єктивне благополуччя uk
dc.subject пенсіонери uk
dc.subject пізня зрілість uk
dc.subject задоволеність життям uk
dc.subject афективний баланс uk
dc.subject міжособистісна комунікація uk
dc.subject суб'єктивна оцінка якості життя uk
dc.subject вихід на пенсію uk
dc.subject спосіб життя uk
dc.subject стереотипи старості uk
dc.subject subjective well-being en
dc.subject life satisfaction en
dc.subject affective balance en
dc.subject pensioners en
dc.subject interpersonal communication en
dc.subject lifestyle en
dc.subject retirement en
dc.subject late adulthood en
dc.title Соціально-психологічні чинники суб'єктивного благополуччя пенсіонерів uk
dc.type Thesis en
dc.status Публікується вперше uk
dc.subject.udc 159.923-057.75:316.61
dc.description.abstracten The thesis focuses on the results of researching of socio-psychological factors of subjective well-being – a cognitive-emotional appraisal of person’s general life quality and its separate spheres that is formed on the basis of the measure of needs fulfillment (mainly those of social context), standard conceptions created in socialization process, and objective factors (life and activity conditions, basic needs fulfillment, health value etc.), perceived and interiorized, of the retired people due to the age. Subjective well-being is considered to be a result and a predisposition of personal moving to self-realization and personal potential objectivation, which determines the person’s reaching of Ego-identity. A group of factors which are denotative in subjective well-being determination is detected. They are extrinsic (formal, e.g. good income, ability for professional self-realization, socio-political situation of the country of residence, age, sex), intrapersonal (extraversion, low neuroticism, openness to experience, Self-esteem, good inner control etc.) and socio-psychological, and the leading significance of the last ones in late adulthood is grounded due to the analysis of the main life changes after retirement (of financial securement, physiological and psychological functioning, time perspective, marital status, social role, communication and general activity). The empirically verified system of socio-psychological factors of subjective well-being in late adulthood after retirement includes two blocks: socio-demographic (age, sex, marital status etc.) and socio-psychological (social involvement, social selectivity, ability to create deep emotional relationships, ability to adapt to the social role of a retired person, age stereotypes identification). It is revealed that the characteristics of interpersonal interaction play the main role for elderly people’s subjective well-being. Individual ability to arrange effective communication, mainly with the relatives and close people (according to the level of emotional stability and emotional intelligence), social status, received in the working period of socialization, and the appraisal of relationships in parent family is the most important factors of subjective well-being in late adulthood. Unless the complex cognitive-emotional nature of subjective well-being is stated, the differences of factors causing high level of life satisfaction and affective balance were described. The cognitive aspect of subjective well-being mainly depends on social involvement of the person of old age, as affective aspect is connected to personal characteristics like emotional stability, psychological health, along with good financial state. The divergences of socio-psychological determination of subjective well-being of the retired due to the sex and way of life are disclosed. It is found out that the leading role for men plays their experiencing of independence in everyday life problems solving, while women need to closely interact with their reference group together with having good experiences of childish relationships with parents for feeling happiness in late adulthood. The most favourable life way for high level of subjective well-being of retired elderly people is prosocial activity in family surrounding. Life quality appraisals of socially active pensioners are somewhat lower, hypothetically, because of the biggest among of stresses that they experience while changing the communication circle. The least happy retired people live in geriatric homes, being stigmatized and limited in social contacts. Determinants of subjective well-being of each group are different. While in the group of old-aged people who organize their activity in household and family interaction it is correlated with developed properties of emotionally deep communication organization, in geriatric homes more subjectively satisfied with life are those who have inner resources for difficult life circumstainces adaptation. The most important condition for feeling happiness among socially active pensioners is experiencing of personal independence. According to the results of the study the strategies of socio-psychological support of retired people in different social life circumstances are designed. The main emphasis is made on personal resources actualization, connected with effective interaction, softening of emotional reactions acuteness, development of adaptation abilities, strengthening of Self-esteem and positive Self-perception. en

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